Mental illness is not a crime, but too often, individuals with mental health conditions end up in the criminal justice system. The reasons are varied, but stigma and a lack of access to healthcare are common contributors. This article will explore the ways we can work towards breaking down the stigma of mental illness in the context of the criminal justice system.
Recognizing the Signs
People with mental health conditions can often be misunderstood, and their behavior is often misinterpreted. Common mental illnesses like bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and schizo-affective disorder can all contribute to behavior that law enforcement officers may perceive as dangerous or threatening. It's essential to recognize the signs that an individual may be struggling with a mental health issue. Frequently, these signs can include erratic behavior, extreme emotions, and agitation.
The first step to breaking the stigma surrounding mental illness is to dispel common myths and misconceptions about those who struggle with their mental health. Some of these myths include that people with mental health conditions are violent or unstable. The sad truth is that individuals with mental health conditions are more likely to be victims of violence than to perpetrate violence. It's important to recognize that everyone can be affected by mental illness.
Getting to the Root Cause
Many factors contribute to mental health issues. Stress, trauma, and poverty can all increase the likelihood of developing a mental health condition. Unfortunately, individuals who experience these factors are also more likely to have contact with the criminal justice system. Improving access to healthcare and mental health services is vital in addressing these issues.
Improving Police Response
Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) is one way to improve police response when dealing with individuals in a mental health crisis. This type of training teaches officers how to de-escalate situations without resorting to violence. Additionally, having access to alternative resources like mobile crisis teams or mental health professionals can help individuals receive the appropriate care they need, rather than just ending up in jail.
Changing the Conversation
It's essential to shift the narrative surrounding mental illness to one of empathy and understanding. Education plays a vital role in breaking down stigma. By educating our communities about mental health conditions and working to destigmatize them, we can create safer and more compassionate communities.
If you or a loved one has a mental disability and has been arrested or convicted of a crime, you need an experienced criminal defense attorney on your side. Elizabeth Kelley specializes in representing individuals with mental disabilities. To schedule a consultation call (509) 991-7058.